The Essential Marx 6: Coats, Linen, and Divisions of Labour.

Marx has explained that the commodity is a 'two-fold thing': both a useful thing and an exchange value in the market. He goes on to look at this in more detail with examples: Let us take two commodities such as a coat and 10 yards of linen, and let the former be double the value … Continue reading The Essential Marx 6: Coats, Linen, and Divisions of Labour.

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The Essential Marx 5: Capital Grows Its Own, But Doesn’t Pass It Around.

Marx has been establishing the basis of the rate of value on the various commodities in a given society. He has explained that a commodity's value is based on the quantity of labour (measured in time) that it takes in any given society to produce it. This 'socially necessary labour time' determines the value of … Continue reading The Essential Marx 5: Capital Grows Its Own, But Doesn’t Pass It Around.

The Essential Marx 4: The Social Nature of Value.

Marx has explained that the basis of the value of commodities is the amount of labour they contain. He goes on to look at how this value is a social product... The total labour power of society, which is embodied in the sum total of the values of all commodities produced by that society, counts … Continue reading The Essential Marx 4: The Social Nature of Value.

The Essential Marx 3: Labour Determines Exchange Value.

Marx introduced the commodity as having a strangely conflicted dual existence as both a use value and an exchange value. He has posed the question of just what is it that is the basis of value - why do we exchange one thing for a specific amount of another thing entirely -  what dictates the … Continue reading The Essential Marx 3: Labour Determines Exchange Value.

The Essential Marx 2: Exchange Value (But Where’s The Value At…?)

Marx has commenced his critique of capitalist society by focusing on the commodity. He's started by looking at it as a 'use value', a useful thing that people need or want, and now he will look at a commodity's 'exchange value'... Use values become a reality only by use or consumption: they also constitute the … Continue reading The Essential Marx 2: Exchange Value (But Where’s The Value At…?)

The Essential Marx 1: Commodities & Use Value.

Capital: A Critique of Political Economy The Process of Capitalist Production I. Commodities and Money This is a reading of the abridged Capital vol. 1. Marx commences his critique by looking at commodities, and in particular by looking at them from 2 perspectives: commodities as 'use values' and commodities as 'exchange values'. First, use value... … Continue reading The Essential Marx 1: Commodities & Use Value.